Your heart rate can tell you a lot about your fitness and health. It is also a great tool to help you with your training making sure that you:
- Train at correct intensity for aerobic development
- Train at correct intensity for anaerobic development
- Spend right amount of time training in certain training zones
- Take appropriate recovery intervals
- Avoid overtraining
The beauty of the heart rate training is that it is unique to you and is based in your own heart capacity. Two people with the same age can have completely different heart rate zones and maximum heart rate depending on their physiology. It is essential that you find out your correct maximum heart rate. Unfortunately few of us will have access to university labs to have our maximum heart rate tested but here’s a simple little test that can give you a good indication of your maximum heart rate:
1. Warm up with a nice easy jog for about 1 mile.
2. Run 400m as hard as you can.
3. Take your heart rate at the end of 400m.
4. Rest for 2 minutes by easy jog or walk
5. Run 400 m as hard as you can.
6. Take your heart rate at the end of 400m.
7. Run another 400m as hard as you can.
8. Take your heart rate once more. This should be your highest heart rate and closest to your true maximum heart rate.
(To find take your heart rate, find your pulse in your wrist or neck using your fingers, not your thumb, and count the heart beats over 1 minute. Watch this video for more information on how to do this)
Once you have established your maximum heart rate the calculations for different zones are easy:
To get 65% of your maximum heart rate simply multiply your maximum heart rate with 0.65. For example, your maximum heart rate comes up as 185, therefore 65% of your maximum heart rate would be 185×0.65= 120
Now to explain the different heart rate zones and percentages and why they matter. Our body adapts to different training stimuli – different heart rate zones ensure that we train our body to respond appropriately to the training/workout effort. Here’s a table to show how it works:
So what does it all mean in real terms?
For the best endurance exercise performance it is normally necessary to train all the different energy disciplines but depending on your distances you may need to concentrate more on certain aspects. For example, a marathon runner will benefit greatly from sprint training as a form of strength training but majority of their training should be done in muscular endurance and stamina range combining both aerobic and anaerobic systems.
Below is a simple example of a sample heart rate and it’s zones, and how they should be related to different running distances and different training aims.
To summarise, using your heart rate is a simple and effective way to get the most out of your training. For a time-crunched athlete, heart rate training is a good way to train smart and not long. For everyone else, it might be just that extra something that can help them to achieve better results and make training more enjoyable.
Get our Love SwimRun training plan here.
Written by Merilin Sikk, experienced personal trainer & MSc Sports Therapy. 27/01/2017
You can email Merilin if you require a personal training plan.